History and nomenclature[edit] See also: Zaire ebolavirus § Nomenclature Ebola virus (/ε’boʊlə vaɪrəs/)[1] was first identified as a possible new “strain” of Marburg virus in 1976.[5][6][33] At the same time, a third team introduced the name “Ebola virus”, derived from the Ebola River where the 1976 outbreak occurred.[1][5][6][34] The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses